Geology

A man stands in front of a rock wall. He looks into the Notitzbuch in his hand.
Detailed field work are not indispensable.
© Geological Survey of Austria

Geological Map

The set of geological maps at the scale of 1:50,000 represents the core result of systematic geological mapping in Austria.

The focus is on some people. A man holds a geological map in hand, pointing at them and said so. In the background is a wooded slope and a remote village.
Regions cards provide a lot of information in the field.
© Andreas Megerle

Regions Map

For many planning tasks, such as roads and pipeline and also for initial information to local problems, such as the Natural Hazards Management of this card will work intensively use.

Hiker at a vantage point of the Rax, looking through a telescope. In the background there is a slope with tall conifers.
On a clear geological units are large surveyable.
© Geological Survey of Austria / Thomas Hofmann

Geological Map

 

At the scale of 1:2,000,000 large geological features of a country can be displayed clearly and in sufficient detail to portray the connection of tectonic units and their evolution in space and time.

Manuscript map with notebook
Published and unpublished material compiled.
© Geological Survey of Austria / Thomas Hofmann

Provisional Geological Maps

In many areas, geological maps exist only as manuscripts stored in hardly accessible archives.

Section of the Geological Map of Europe with Austria and its neighboring countries
International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas
© BGR

Geological Map of Europe

Europa ist der bislang erste Erdteil, für den eine geologische Übersichtskarte nicht nur gedruckt, sondern auch als web map application im Maßstab 1:5.000.000 vorliegt. Die farblichen Abstufungen in Karte und Legende beziehen sich auf das Alter der Gesteine.

Section of the Geological Map Metamorphic structure of the Alps
Section: Metamorphic structure of the Alps.
© Geological Survey of Austria

in the Eastern Alps

Metamorphism is geoscientifically defined as the change of rocks under conditions of high pressure and temperature, resulting in the formation of new mineral phases.

Outtake from the middle part of the stone core of an ammonite (decorated in yellow, brown and gray). The twisted shells reminiscent of a snail shell. It gives the impression, as plants or algae were on the stone.
Ammonites for stratigraphic division of the Mesozoic.
© Geological Survey of Austria / Andreas Ortag

Counting Geological Timep

Geology is a scientific discipline of historical importance – not least due to the enormous time scales involved.