Erläuterungen zur geologischen Themenkarte Thermalwässer in Österreich 1 : 500 000

Die vorliegende Karte zu den heimischen Thermalwasservorkommen sowie beiliegende Erläuterungen wurden im Rahmen eines Projekts der Geologischen Bundesanstalt (GBA) mit dem Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft (BMLFUW) erstellt.

Gosau (Salzkammergut, Oberösterreich) und Rußbach am Pass Gschütt (Tennengau, Salzburg)

Band 70

GeoMol – Geologische 3D-Modellierung des österreichischen Molassebeckens und Anwendungen in der Hydrogeologie und Geothermie im Grenzgebiet von Oberösterreich und Bayern

Markante Gesteine des Waldviertels – Die Gesteinsstelen vor dem Krahuletz-Museum in Eggenburg

Rocky Austria

Geologie von Österreich - kurz und bunt

Erläuterungen zu Blatt 122 Kitzbühel

Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt

Volume 156/1–4


The volume with 360 pages contains articles  in the fields of quaternary geology, stratigraphy, facies and palaeontology focusing on decapoda, gastropoda and foraminifera, an obituary (Wolfgang Seiberl), four historical articles, 42 mapping reports from the years 2001–2003 and 2009–2016 and book reviews.


Geological maps form the most important basis for almost any geoscientific problem. The coloured display of the distribution of rock units on topographic maps accompanied by special symbols and line elements portray the orientation of these units in space. Information on rock age and composition together with the location of quarries and land slides complement the map.

A geologist with geological compass in front of a rock.
Hammer and geological compass are the most important tools for geologists.
© Geological Survey of Austria / Lois Lammerhuber
A geologist sitting on a light table. He draws a map with colored pencils. On the table there are pens and books, to the right is a plant.
All field observations are integrated in geological maps.
© Geological Survey of Austria / Lois Lammerhuber

It all starts with mapping, i.e. detailed field investigation by geologists, be it in high mountains, dense forest or urban areas. The main tools of a field geologist are hammer and compass. GPS and handheld computers have been added recently. Vegetation and soil cover often obstruct the view onto underlying rocks. In this case, drilling by hand or by machines mounted on trucks allows inspection of the subsurface. Geophysical techniques can also help.

A cartographer looks through a magnifying glass on a manuscript map.
The accuracy and complexity of geological maps calls for multistage corrections during production.
© Geological Survey of Austria / Lois Lammerhuber

After completion of a manuscript map, cartographic processing is performed digitally. The overall goal is to present a maximum amount of information without limiting readability of the printed map.

GBA produces geological map sheets at the scales of 1 : 50,000 and 1: 200,000 aiming to cover the entire territory of Austria. Regional, thematic or overview maps are also published.