Erläuterungen zur geologischen Themenkarte Thermalwässer in Österreich 1 : 500 000

Die vorliegende Karte zu den heimischen Thermalwasservorkommen sowie beiliegende Erläuterungen wurden im Rahmen eines Projekts der Geologischen Bundesanstalt (GBA) mit dem Bundesministerium für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Umwelt und Wasserwirtschaft (BMLFUW) erstellt.

Gosau (Salzkammergut, Oberösterreich) und Rußbach am Pass Gschütt (Tennengau, Salzburg)

Band 70

GeoMol – Geologische 3D-Modellierung des österreichischen Molassebeckens und Anwendungen in der Hydrogeologie und Geothermie im Grenzgebiet von Oberösterreich und Bayern

Markante Gesteine des Waldviertels – Die Gesteinsstelen vor dem Krahuletz-Museum in Eggenburg

Rocky Austria

Geologie von Österreich - kurz und bunt

Erläuterungen zu Blatt 122 Kitzbühel

Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt

Volume 156/1–4


The volume with 360 pages contains articles  in the fields of quaternary geology, stratigraphy, facies and palaeontology focusing on decapoda, gastropoda and foraminifera, an obituary (Wolfgang Seiberl), four historical articles, 42 mapping reports from the years 2001–2003 and 2009–2016 and book reviews.

3D geological modelling

3D modelling is performed at the Geological Survey of Austria since 2009 in order to describe geological structures in 3D space and to convey subsurface information to geo-scientists and the public. 3D geological models represent an expansion of classical 2D geological maps into depth and describe the subsurface. In addition, 3D models provide the basis for the modelling of processes such as groundwater flow or temperature distribution.

Top view of different shaped plastic surfaces in different colors that fit like a puzzle ineinader. Then the topography has been printed in gray and blue. Shown are the different layers of the subsoil of Vienna.
3D print of the geological model of Vienna’s subsurface
© Monika Brüggemann-Ledolter
Differently shaped plastic surfaces in different colors that fit into each other like a puzzle being separated and one above the other.
Pieces of the 3D print of the geological model of Vienna’s subsurface
© Monika Brüggemann-Ledolter
The different layers of the substrate are shown as three-dimensional objects in a transparent solid. The model looks like a large crystal.
Laser-engraved glass block of the geological model of Vienna’s subsurface
© Daniel Elster

Source data for 3D geological modelling include geological maps, cross-sections, structural maps, borehole logs as well as data from geophysical surveys (seismics, well logging, geo-electrics etc.). Using 3D modelling tools, the various source data are integrated, harmonized, checked for consistency and finally combined to calculate geological horizons (tops and bottoms of layers), faults and volumes.

A 3D geological model represents a geologist’s interpretation of subsurface data. It can be updated using newly available data. At the same time, virtual borehole logs or cross-sections can be constructed to gain information on the subsurface according to the model.

New technologies such as 3D printing, laser engraving of glass blocks or internet-based 3D viewers offer the possibility to experience 3D models interactively.

The subsurface is used by mankind in various ways (production of oil & gas, use of geothermal heat, groundwater supply, mineral resource extraction, CO2-storage, waste disposal). The future will see an increase in usage and possibly conflicting demands. In this context, 3D models can offer help for planning and decision making.